Here’s everything you need to know about monkeypox Virus now. I listed the top 10 things I differently think you don’t know about this virus.
You will seeing the history, means of virus transfer and how to stay off the virus.
Monkeyopox is a rare disease that occurs primarily in remote parts of Central and West Africa, near tropical rain forests
– Its outbreak in Bayelsa state has caused panic in Nigeria
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has listed the major facts about the disease.
1. Double stranded DNA virus (Zoonotic)
Family poxviridae, Genus orthopoxvirus
Family of pox viruses includes other viruses like chicken pox or the eradicated small pox.
2. History of Monkeypox virus
1958: First identified in laboratory monkey kept for research
1970: First human case was identified in DR Congo
1985: First isolation in nature, in an ailing rope squirrel in DR Congo
2003: First human infection outside Africa documented in USA
3. How Monkeypox virus is Transmitted
From infected animals or humans
Following contact with body fluids/materials of animals or infected humans
Following bite, scratch or even bush meat preparation
Entry via broken skin or mucosa (skin, respiratory tract, mucus membrane eye, nose, mouth).
Shared utensils, bed, room etc increase risk of transmission
4. Incubation period
7-14 days commonly but could extend from 5 to 21 days.
5. Signs and symptoms of Monkey Pox virus
Similar to small pox but milder
Fever, chills, drenching night sweats, headache
Muscles aches (backache), Exhaustion-Lymph-nodes swell up (absent in small pox)
6. Case definition
A: Designed to detect single cases followed by immediate response and control efforts.
– Fever followed by rash (vesicular/pustular) with rash on palm, soles and face or 5 various-like scars
B: Designed for use in the context of disease surveillance to elaborate on burden in endemic areas
– Individual with vesicular/pustular eruptions with at least one of the symptoms: fever preceding eruptions, lymphadenopathy and/or pustules/crust on the palms of the hands or sole of the feet
7. After 1-10 days
Centrifugal rash: Rash macule-papule-vesicles-pustules-umbilical-then crusted (scab)
8. The Case fatality
-1-10% die from this infection
9. How to Prevention Monkeypox Virus
Small pox vaccine (for at risk workers) which can be given up to 14 days post exposure
Hygiene (Hand washing) with soap and water or alcohol based sanitizer
Avoid ill or dead animals’ suspects or their materials
Isolation of suspects or identified cases
Use personal protective equipment when caring for patients (for health workers)
10. Monkeypox Virus Treatment and vaccine
There are no specific treatments or vaccines available for monkeypox infection, but outbreaks can be controlled. Vaccination against smallpox has been proven to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox in the past but the vaccine is no longer available to the general public after it was discontinued following global smallpox eradication.
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